Many investors try to pick the mutual fund based solely on the fund’s past performance. However, the advertised stellar performance is not a guarantee of future success, especially when it comes to relatively new or small funds. When you pick a mutual fund you should consider following factors.
Age and Size of the Mutual Fund
Before considering to invest in a particular fund, read the prospectus to see since when it has been operating and what is the assets size is. Often while funds are still small just a few successful stocks can have a great impact on their performance and lead to excellent short-term performance records. However, as funds grow such great results are more difficult to sustain. Since a larger number of stocks are owned by the fund and they cannot influence the fund’s performance.
You should be well aware of the risks the fund takes to achieve its results. Higher rates of return are usually associated with higher risks, which may be beyond your comfort level or inconsistent with your financial goals. Always take into account your risk tolerance and long-term investment strategies when picking the right mutual fund.
Typically, higher volatility means higher investment risk. Therefore, if you are looking for a shorter-term investment you should avoid funds with a volatile history since you will not have much time to overcome eventual declines in the stock market.
Funs’s Fees, Sales Charges, and Expenses
When you invest in a mutual fund you will be charged various fees and expenses. A low-cost fund may perform worse than a high-cost fund and still generate the same returns for you. Take time to calculate how the costs of different mutual funds will affect your returns since even small differences in the fees and expenses may lead to large differences in the returns.
Taxes that are due when you receive a distribution
Generally, you will owe taxes when you receive a capital gains distribution from a fund. Your tax bill will be affected even if the return has been negative since you invested in the fund so you should preliminarily find out when your fund will make its distributions and assess the right time to invest in it.
Recent Changes in the Fund’s Operations
If the fund has recently changed its investment strategy or its investment adviser, its performance may change too. Therefore, always inform yourself about any recent changes in the fund’s operations before considering investing in it. As you can see, other factors besides the fund’s past performance should be taken into account when deciding which mutual fund to pick. To get the most out of your money, whether you are interested in mutual funds, stocks,ETFs or options, you need two main things – the knowledge and the right trading platform.